What is Engineering?


Engineering is the profession in which knowledge of advanced mathematics and natural sciences gained from higher education, experience, and practice is directed primarily toward the creation of new technology.

Engineering by Stream

Bioengineering combines knowledge in life sciences, engineering and its foundation. In general, bioengineers use their knowledge and skill to mimic, modify or control biological systems for purposes that benefit society. They work to develop and advance genetically engineered insulin and vaccines to support health and fight disease, hormones, cells and tissue to replace deficiencies, food crops with greater nutritional value and stronger resistance to disease, and biomedical devices that improve diagnosis of illness and therapy.
Computer Science with Business Applications fully integrates computer science and business administration. It involves processing and analyzing information digitally, with the aid of computers. It covers information technology including the setup, configuration, and maintenance of computer systems, including hardware and software applications to support business processes. It prepares students for careers in design and management of computer and information systems, system and network administration, and e-commerce.
Chemical Engineering deals with the application of physical and life sciences, mathematics and engineering to covert raw materials and/or chemicals into more useful or valuable products. Chemical engineers design, operate and maintain chemical and other manufacturing plants. In addition, chemical engineers are heavily involved in pioneering new materials and technologies such as nanotechnology, bio-medical devices, ultra-strong fibers, fuel and solar cells, composites for vehicles, bio-compatible materials for implants, prosthetics and pharmaceuticals.
Computer Engineering as a discipline combines Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. Computer engineers modify and design complex electronic, electrical and software systems, as well as systems integrating hardware and software. Computer engineers are involved in many aspects of computing, including the design of individual microprocessors, personal computers and supercomputers. In addition, computer engineers write software, program robots, design computer chips, mixed signal circuits boards, sensors, and operating systems.
Computer Science emphasizes understanding the theoretical foundations of information and computation. Computer scientists apply this understanding to develop or improve software, web-browsers, automation, robotic commands, and various forms of computing based entertainment. Computer scientists design a vast array of computations, the building blocks for computer systems and software, to process information more efficiently. All of science and engineering now depend on computing expertise, as do many aspects of other fields as diverse as art and music.
Electrical Engineering deals with the study and applicationof electricity, electronics and electromagnetism. Electrical engineers design and develop electrical systems that support global positioning and power entire cities as well as enhance telecommunications, robotics, aviation electronics and satellite information transmittance. In addition, electrical engineers oversee the manufacturing of equipment and devices such as cell phones, iPads, BlueRay movies, virtual reality (VR) systems, household appliances, digital cameras and video game consoles.
Environmental Engineering applies science and engineering principles to improve the environment to provide healthy water, air, and land for human habitation and other organisms, and to remediate pollution. Environmental engineers innovate methods to control air pollution and emissions from transportation and industrial sources; they develop technologies to ensure abundant supplies of safe drinking water; they apply nanoscience principles to create sensors that detect toxic substances; and they advance the development of clean and renewable fuels and energy.
Materials Science and Engineering is concerned with the structure, properties, design and application of all classes of materials, including metals, ceramics, semiconductors, polymers, biomaterials, composites, nanostructures and intelligent materials. Material science engineers create materials with novel properties that improve and optimize overall product performance. Material innovations reduced the size and improved the speed of computer chips, improved efficiency of solar cells, prevent radar detection of military aircraft and improve automobile safety by more efficiently distributing energy involved in collisions.
Mechanical Engineering is concerned with the principles of force, energy and motion. Mechanical engineers design and manufacture mechanical systems, thermal devices and processes. They develop products, ranging from jet engines to miniature instruments used in surgery, and the machinery that mass produces these products. Mechanical engineers have the versatility to build devices and machines to detect disease using nanotechnology, safely extract raw materials from the earth with minimal environmental impact, develop gem quality artificial diamonds, and support space travel with robotic repairs of the Hubble telescope.

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